Bellwood Tunnel: Increased Emergency Water Supply Capacity for Atlanta

After an Onsite First Time Assembly (OFTA) of 2.5 months, Atlanta Georgia’s newest TBM, dubbed “Driller Mike”, made its initial startup on October 13, 2016 and ramped up to full production two weeks later. Atlanta’s Mayor Kasim Reed and city officials gathered with local and national media to celebrate the occasion. The 3.8 m diameter Robbins Main Beam TBM is now boring the 8.0 km Bellwood Tunnel after being walked forward 30 m into a starter tunnel. The Bellwood Tunnel path will travel from an inactive quarry and run below a water treatment plant and reservoir before ending next to the Chattahoochee River.

A Solution for the City’s current
Emergency Water Supply Shortage

The project was green-lighted by the City of Atlanta’s Department of Watershed Management due to the city’s current emergency water supply shortage. The PC/Russell JV, the project’s construction manager at risk, sub-contracted with the Atkinson/Technique JV to operate the TBM and will oversee construction of various intake and pumping shafts as well as final lining operations. The project is of utmost importance for the City of Atlanta, explained Bob Huie,
Sr. Project Manager for the PC/Russell JV. “Right now, the downtown area’s emergency water supply is approximately three days. With the tunnel the supply will increase to between 30 and 90 days. This tunnel will protect the city for a very long time.”

Potential Zones of Water Inflows

With the tunnel on the fast track, swift TBM assembly was key. The OFTA process involved coordination by multiple crews at the large quarry site. The TBM is now excavating in granite, with at least 300 m of zones in three separate areas that will require continuous probing. In a section directly below an existing reservoir, monitoring will be particularly crucial to ensure no water inflows occur. The Robbins machine will also be required to negotiate several curves: “We have one curve in the first 300 m and the main 370 m radius curve is 1800 m in. We plan to do short TBM strokes in this section – about 20 to 30 cm shorter than normal to get through the curves,” said Larry Weslowski, Tunneling Superintendent for the PC/Russell JV.

Quarry site will become Atlanta’s largest
Reservoir and Park

Excavation is scheduled to be completed in the first quarter of 2018. After final lining, the tunnel will be filled with water and the quarry site will become Atlanta’s largest reservoir and park, totaling hundreds of acres. While the park site is a bonus for residents, the water storage capacity it will provide is critical. Nearly 1.2 million customers, including 200 000 passengers who pass through the world’s busiest airport every day, count on the water supply. “If the city were to lose water supply for a day, the estimated economic impact would be at least 100 million dollars per day. If you consider that this is a 300 million dollar project, that seems a pretty good investment in comparison to what could happen,” said Huie.

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