ITA-AITES

“Emerald Book” – FIDIC and ITA launch New Tunnelling and Underground Works Contract

International engineering federation FIDIC (the International Federation of Consulting Engineers) and ITA-AITES (the International Tunnelling and Underground Space Association) have teamed up to publish a new form of contract for tunnelling and underground works –The Emerald Book.

With underground construction a fast-growing market sector due to the increasing demand for use of underground space for infrastructure, the new Conditions of Contract for Underground Works (The Emerald Book) should be widely used. Underground construction is highly dependent on the geological, hydrogeological and geotechnical properties of the ground, which have a defining influence on the methods required for the successful implementation of the works. In addition, the difficulty in predicting ground behaviour and foreseeable conditions implies an inherent uncertainty in underground construction, which gives rise to unique contractual risks regarding construction practicability, time and cost.

 

Emerald Book presented at World Tunnel Congress 2019

These risks are addressed in the Emerald Book, which was launched on 7 May 2019 at the World Tunnel Congress 2019 in Naples. The launch follows several years of intensive work by a joint task group of representatives of FIDIC and ITA-AITES who identified several issues that the new standard form of contract should address to promote equitable risk allocation and the effective dealing with conditions typically unforeseeable in such projects.

These issues include the following key areas, all of which have been specifically addressed in the new contract:

• Allocation of risk

• Disclosure of all available geological and geotechnical information

• Inclusion of a contractual geotechnical baseline

• Inclusion of a tailored “Unforeseeable Physical Conditions” clause

• Implementation of a ground classification system and of supporting particular conditions that properly reflect the effort of excavation and stabilisation

• Time for completion is largely influenced by ground conditions

• Provision of a flexible mechanism for remuneration according to ground conditions, foreseen and unforeseen

 

Critical Areas of Underground Construction Contracts are addressed

With working underground becoming a growing market in a number of areas including energy, transportation, urban infrastructure, take-up of the new Emerald Book contract is expected to be widespread. Commenting on the launch of the contract, FIDIC contracts committee chair Zoltán Záhonyi said: “Working together, FIDIC and ITA-AITES have created a contract that we believe, and hope will command the respect and authority of the tunnel engineering and construction sector and that both clients and contractors can use with confidence. The new Emerald Book addresses several critical areas that should lead to the smoother running of contracts in the growing tunnelling and underground works sector.”

Tarcisio Celestino, president of the International Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, commented: “The Emerald Book will bridge an important gap. Despite all the technological developments of equipment and techniques in the field, many underground construction projects end up unsuccessful because of contractual disputes. The book brings together the result of the expertise and respectability of ITA-AITES and FIDIC in the fields of contracts and specificities for underground constructions.”

 

The new contract is available for sale from the FIDIC website at

http://fidic.org/bookshop

x

Related articles:

Issue 2018-04

ITA-Annual Meeting and World Tunnel Congress 2018 in Dubai

The Tunnel Congress organised by the UAE tunnelling committee (Society of Engineers of United Arab Emirates, SOE UAE) in collaboration with the ITA was captioned “The Role of Underground Space in...

more
Issue 2019-04

ITA Annual Conference and World Tunnel Congress 2019 in Naples, Italy

The Tunnel Congress organised by the Italian Tunnelling Committee (Società Italiana Gallerie, SIG) in collaboration with the ITA was captioned “Tunnels and Underground Cities: Engineering and...

more

Virtual ITA Tunnelling Awards 2020 – List of Finalists

Online Conference and Ceremony, 3–4 December

The five previous editions of the event in Switzerland, Singapore, France, China and the USA gathered more than 1200 attendees and 403 entries. In 2020 the award ceremony is for the first time...

more
Issue 2019-02 Italy | Italien

World Tunnel Congress 2019, Naples, May 3rd–9th 2019

Cities are facing more challenges than ever before as growing populations put stress on transportation systems, social services, energy infrastructures and other vital aspects of daily life. If...

more
Issue 2010-05 36th Annual Meeting of the ITA in Vancouver, Canada

36th Annual Meeting of the International Tunnelling and Underground Space Association – World Tunnel Congress 2010 in Vancouver, Canada Dr. R. Leucker

Around 950 tunnellers from all over the world assembled in Vancouver/Canada from May 14 to 20, 2010. The occasion was the 36th Annual Meeting of the ITA – International Tunnelling and Underground...

more